In this blog I will be trying to get to the truth about what is really important in life, and to write satirically about what is not - all in my quest for The Stuff Reality is Made of.
I also write articles on Religion, History, Travel, Flying, Philosophy, Physics, Meta Physics, Natural History. Mathematics and Psychology.
You can also read my religious articles on our Christian website at www.whatafriend.co.za
Adult Sunday School -
Part 8 - Joseph as a type for (of) Jesus - by P.K.Odendaal - August 2012
We find the story of Joseph in Genesis chapters 30 to 50,
and nowhere else in the Bible has one man gotten so much coverage as Joseph,
except Jesus Christ, and the point is that it is a very important story. Not so
important as a story of Joseph, but much more importantly, as a foreshadow of
the story of Jesus Christ.
The story of Joseph contains numerous intrigues, prophecies,
examples and lessons interspersed with the best mankind has in terms of
courage, long-suffering, forgiveness and love - characteristics we find in
Jesus Christ himself. So we are not going to read this story as a story of
Joseph. We are going to delve deeper into it and regard it as a story of the
life and times of Jesus Christ.
The most theoretical way to illustrate this, is to quote you
a specific text from Genesis and then quote you the corresponding scripture
from the New Testament, but that would be hard work and study, and this is a Sunday
School lesson, and will not do. I have therefore decided that the easiest way
to read and understand it, would be to rewrite the Old Testament story and
changing the story to fit the New Testament history as a narrative. It is in no
way an attempt to change scripture, but to bring the deeper meaning out - after
all, that is what Bible stories for Sunday School should be. I will thus be
pushing the story of Jesus Christ which plays off in the background to the
foreground, and that of Joseph to the background. The small numbers refers to
the Bible text from which I derive the narrative.
We start at Josephs' birth (read Jesus's birth), borne by
the beloved wife (read Holy Ghost) of Israel (read The Father), and she gives
him this name with the comment: Gen 30:24And she called his name Joseph; and said,
The LORD shall add to me another son. This other son is Benjamin, but
indeed also Jesus Christ. So we see the story starts off immediately with a
So here is the short narrative - I hope you like it.
One day there was a father who had many sons1.
These sons were in a faraway land tending to his sheep2 and his vineyard3.
One day he received an evil report6 of the behaviour of his sons, so
he wanted to send someone to find out how well they fare, whether the harvest
was ready, and to bring some of the fruit back from his vineyard8.
When he asked in his household who would go, his beloved son4 said
that he would go7.
When his beloved son reached his brothers, they conspired10
to kill9 him, and to take his coat11,12,13, which they
smeared in blood27. Then they then cast him in a pit14 where
no-one has ever been laid in, from which he arose alive15, after
being sold for thirty pieces of silver16. When they returned to the
pit, he was not there anymore17,28. They then made a story up to
convince the people that somebody stole his body29.
Whilst he was in custody, there were two men with him who
was to be executed18. One, on his left hand (a baker) and the other on
his right (a butler), but the son said to the one on the right, that he would
not die, but would be reinstated19 that same day and be with him in
When the son arose from the pit, he was taken into the court
of the king20 to rule as second in command21. There then
came famine22 in the land for seven years, but the nation was saved,
because of the bread25 that was given them, that was saved up in
heaven for seven (thousand) years.
Ultimately the son married a gentile24 wife23,
and he and his brothers lived in the new land26.
What can we learn from this?
1.God uses a technique called mapping to map
human stories to Himself. Here he uses the story of Joseph and maps Joseph to
the life and times of Jesus Christ, and this we call typing. Here Joseph is a
type of Jesus Christ, and there are many stories in the Bible where this is
done - I will give you a few more in coming lessons.
2.The foreground story cannot map the
background story perfectly, because the foreground is about mankind and the
background about God. There are certain things which can only refer to mankind
and certain which can only refer to God.
We can take the discrepancy in the
priced mentioned as an example. Joseph was sold for twenty pieces of silver and
Jesus for thirty. Could this be a mistake? No. When you read the prophecy about
the price Jesus would be sold for in Zec. 11:2, you will see it was meant to be
thirty pieces and it was meant to be used for the potter's land:
11:12And I said unto them, If ye think
good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price
thirty pieces of silver. v:13And the
LORD said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at
of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in
the house of the LORD.
The reason for this is that two is the
number for mankind (Adam and Eve) and three is the number for the Godhead
(Father, Son and Holy Spirit), and thus it transpired that we valued God at
thirty pieces of silver and our neighbour at even less. How true this is even
3.Why would Joseph marry a gentile bride? The
reason is that God cannot marry his nation Israel or Judah again, because He
gave them a bill of divorce:
Jer 3:8And I saw, when for all the causes whereby
backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill
of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played
the harlot also.
So God's Son can still marry, but not a
divorcee. He therefore had to select a bride from the gentiles.
4.Joseph tells the butler that he would be
reprieved after three days, whilst Jesus told the sinner on his right that he
would be in Paradise on the same day. Is this a mistake? No. When the butler
had the dream, the crucifixion was still three days away (three thousand years).
5.So we will find discrepancies in all the
stories where we compare them, and we can learn from that as well, as this is
3:1Behold, what manner of love the
Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God.
2:12I will surely assemble, O Jacob,
all of thee; I will surely gather the remnant of Israel; I will put them
together as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the midst of their fold
20:9Then began he to speak to the
people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to
husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time.
3:16For God so loved the world, that he
gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish,
but have everlasting life.
20:13Then said the lord of the
vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will
reverence him when they see him.
6.Gen 37:2 ...
and Joseph brought unto his father their evil report.
37:13And Israel said unto Joseph, Do
not thy brethren feed the flock in Shechem? come, and I will send thee unto
them. And he said to him, Here am I.
80:14Return, we beseech thee, O God of
hosts: look down from heaven, and behold, and visit this vine; v:15And the vineyard which thy right hand hath
planted, and the branch that thou madest strong for thyself.
21:39And they caught him, and cast him
out of the vineyard, and slew him.
27:1When the morning was come, all the
chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to
37:23And it came to pass, when Joseph
was come unto his brethren, that they stript Joseph out of his coat, his coat
of many colours that was on him;
23:11And Herod with his men of war set
him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him
again to Pilate.
27:35And they crucified him, and parted
19:41Now in the place where he was
crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was
never man yet laid.
16:6And he saith unto them, Be not
affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is
26:15And said unto them, What will ye
give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for
thirty pieces of silver.
37:29And Reuben returned unto the pit;
and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit; and he rent his clothes.
23:32And there were also two other, malefactors,
led with him to be put to death.
23:43And Jesus said unto him, Verily I
say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
1:9And when he had spoken these things,
while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their
15:24Then cometh the end, when he shall
have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put
down all rule and all authority and power.
24:21For then shall be great
tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no,
nor ever shall be.
21:9And there came unto me one of the
seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and
talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's
13:46Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold,
and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken
to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of
everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.
6:58This is that bread which came down
from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of
this bread shall live for ever.
3:12Him that overcometh will I make a
pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write
upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new
Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon
him my new name.
19:13And he was clothed with a vesture
dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.
28:6He is not here: for he is risen, as
he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.
28:12And when they were assembled with
the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave large money unto the soldiers, v:13Saying, Say ye, His disciples came by night,
and stole him away while we slept. v:14And if this come to the governor's ears, we will persuade him, and